¿Cómo educar a un niño superdotado?

How to educate a gifted child?

For the most part, gifted children are not usually identified due to lack of knowledge on the subject and the educational centers to which they belong cannot meet their needs. They are generally invisible and even peculiar to society. But they are an extraordinary human being, you just have to educate yourself to be able to stimulate the desired results. You may have attention or learning difficulties, not obtaining ideal results on intelligence tests. Many people think that gifted people have an advantage of getting good academic grades without effort. They are clumsy, wear glasses, have social difficulties, among other stereotypes that blur what is significant in how to work with what is important. But without the help and care they need it can be devastating what it can lead to in the future which can lead to school failure, mental and physical disorders.
1 in every 100 children are gifted with a score greater than 130.
Identification and Risks
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It is dangerous not to properly identify a child with high cognitive abilities. A brain that is constantly thinking, restless, full of energy that has no way to release can lead to great consequences.
When a gifted child becomes bored, he or she may begin to travel to imaginary worlds and disconnect from reality that does not attract him or her.
In addition to constantly isolating himself since he has no interest and his present malnourishes him intellectually, he will look for a means to satisfy this need.
They are prone to developing mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, panic attacks, ADHD, nervous tics, and even physical disorders related to tachycardia, gastrointestinal problems, among others. They are likely to suffer from bullying, cyberbullying, attacks along with frustrations that can get complicated until they reach a situation that puts their life at risk such as suicide. According to Pitzer College researchers together with the Fanjac Foundation of Barcelona.
It is possible to have good or poor academic achievement, it could depend on whether the school is consistent in working with the student with a curriculum that adapts to their needs. Being in an educational situation that does not meet what the student needs. The responsible thing is to look for alternatives to nourish this need. In addition to having difficulties sharing with other children of their chronological age. Because their interests tend to be different in games and conversations, it is important to relate them to boys with topics of interest to them.
It can also lead to false diagnoses such as ADHD “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder”, ASD “Autism Spectrum Disorder” as functional in previous years known as Asperger Syndrome according to the DSM-4 “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” ( 1994). It is recommended that if you have doubts about identifying whether your child is gifted, you should seek guidance from a Pediatric Psychologist or licensed health professional to reach a diagnosis relevant to the area. You can perform Intelligence Quotient tests (IQ Test) or those indicated according to the child's profile.
Related Syndromes
• Savant Syndrom: A rare condition demonstrates certain abilities well above average. They generally stand out in topics related to memory. This may include quick calculation, artistic ability, quickly detailed drawing, creating mind maps, musical skills, recounting facts (day, date, time, definition, facts) very accurately.
• Dyssynchrony Syndrome is related to the lack of synchronization in the intellectual, social, emotional, physical and motor development of a gifted child or one with high intellectual abilities. They may present challenges in keeping up with the pace of their family, school, or interacting with children their age. Difficulties in writing, clumsiness understanding other people's common language because it is very basic. Or have difficulties in emotional management because he is still very immature for his young age and his great intellectual capacity.
It may present some behaviors and skills such as:
• They attract a lot of attention.
• They are independent or self-taught.
• They have a lot of physical and/or mental energy.
• They develop quickly (physical, intellectual, social).
• They constantly look for information (videos, books, blogs, magazines).
• Play with manipulative devices (Legos, Rubik's cube, puzzles).
• They get bored quickly, do not read instructions and complete tasks lightly.
• They pay attention to unnoticed details, are perfectionists or tend to be the leader of the group.
• Difficulties in socializing with children of their age and sharing with older people.
• They are good in subjects such as (science, technology, robotics, engineering, art, mathematics, music, sports, reading, dance, etc.).
Other data
It is of great importance to know how to educate a gifted child, along with the challenges they face. Generally, parents are afraid, they ignore the subject, they do not believe that they have the ability to achieve great things, they even underestimate their children. It is important to give them the opportunity to have enriching experiences and this advice is for everyone whether gifted, prodigy, typical or with special needs. A person with some intellectual capacity can have the personality of being an introvert or extrovert. These individuals are privileged and it is vital to have an educational plan for your child with the goal of preparing them for the future that lies ahead.
• Psychological evaluation
• Advance a school grade
• Associations for the gifted
• Extracurricular Activities (E-Sports, Video Game Development, Robotics, Music, Sports, Art etc.)
• Be in groups with children with the same abilities and interests.
• Educational Programs along with taking courses in STREAM (science, technology, robotics, engineering, arts & math).
If you have any questions about how you can educate your gifted child. We have specialized courses and programs to meet your needs along with certified specialists who can guide you through the process. Request a free orientation at 787-455-3274 / info@streamtechpr.com.
1. American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM V.
2. Health Channels Mapfree (sf) Gifted.
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